HPU BCA 1st Sem. Computer Fundamentals

By | December 1, 2021

BCA0103 Computers Fundamentals Syllabus

UNIT-I Introduction: Characteristics of Computers, Evolution of computers, Capabilities and limitations of computers, Generations of computers, Types of diagram of computer, Basic components of a computer system Input unit, output unit, Arithmetic logic Unit, Control unit, central processing unit, Instruction set, registers, processor speed, type of computers(micro, mini, main frame, supercomputers), Block processors.

UNIT-II Memory: main memory organization, main memory capacity, RAM, ROM, EPROM, PROM, cache memory, PCs specifications. Secondary Storage Devices- Magnetic Tape, Magnetic Disks, Internal Hard Disk, External Hard Drives, Floppy Disks, Optical Disks-CD, VCD, CD-R, CD-RW, DVD, Solid State Storage Flash Memory, USB Drives.

UNIT-III Input devices: Keyboard, Pointing Devices, mouse, Touch Screens, Joystick, Electronic pen, Trackball, Scanning Devices-Optical Scanners, OCR, OMR, Bar Code Readers, MICR, Digitizer, Electronic card reader, Image Capturing Devices-Digital Cameras. Output devices- Monitors, CRT, LCD/TFT, Printers- Dot matrix, Inkjet, Laser, Plotters- Drum, Flatbed, Screen image projector.

UNIT-IV Computer Software: Software and its Need, Types of software System software, Application software, System software operating system, utility program, programming languages, assemblers, compilers and interpreter, introduction to operation system for PCs-DOS, windows, Linux, file allocation table (FAT & FAT32), files & directory structure and its naming rules, programming languages machine, assembly. high level, 4GL, their merits and demerits, application software and its types – word processing, spreadsheet, presentation graphics.


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